Placement of the cards on the Cary Sheet block

Sorry for the long hiatus; I've had some trouble with my shoulder that made typing tedious. However, I kept reading. I am better now.

This is just a little thing, part of a larger project on type-C orders.

The two number cards in the lower right of the Cary Sheet are a fake: a different sheet has been cut and fitted in. The real sheet must have had two of the four missing trumps: which are:
Death, Hermit, Last Judgment, and World.
I think Death, Hermit, in that order, are most likely. I think this printed sheet was never more than 20 cards, as it is half a sheet of the paper size called English medium, which is over and over again the size used for printing cards. So some system was used: perhaps a block with ten copies of World, and ten copies of Judgment, to produce full decks.

I am using here the identifications in Kaplan, and the idea that of the two, the complete card is the Pope, and the incomplete one is Popess, as was pointed out to me by Cardwell. Here is the block; the mirror image of the sheet:
sheet from wikimedia RS10.jpg
sheet from wikimedia RS10.jpg (184.98 KiB) Viewed 5686 times
Here are the identifications, also switched left to right:
mirror image block.PNG
mirror image block.PNG (6.52 KiB) Viewed 5686 times

Assume the carver did the first two squares of the third row, but did not finish that row for some reason, but instead next did all the second row, then all the top row, then all the bottom row, then the three remaining squares of the third row.
Besides that one odd thing of stopping after the first two squares of the third row, the carver always went left to right, and always completed each row. After carving on a row, the next row he carved was always the one above it, or after the top row, the bottom row.

The implied trump order is:
  • Fool
    Bagato, Popess, Empress, Emperor, Pope,
    Fortitude, Justice, Love, Chariot, Wheel, Hanged Man, Hermit, Death, Temperance,
    Devil, Tower, Star, Moon. Sun, -- Last Judgment & World are not on this block.
For comparison the Viéville order is:
  • Fool
    Bagato, Popess, Empress, Emperor, Pope,
    Justice, Love, Chariot, Fortitude, Wheel, Hermit, Hanged Man, Death, Temperance,
    Devil, Tower, Star, Moon. Sun, [ Last Judgment, World ]
The Viéville order can be derived from this implied Cary block order by just two moves:
1) moving Fortitude three jumps forward to just before Wheel, and
2) switching Hanged Man and Hermit.

This implied order is as similar to the Viéville order, as one type-C order usually is, to another one. Viéville and the Susio poem order are nearly identical. Since a simple rule for the order of carving the squares (with only that one odd thing of jumping up a row after the first two squares carved), produces a plausible order, I think this may be the real order.

Re: Placement of the cards on the Cary Sheet block

In comparing the proposed Cary Sheet order above with other C orders, there is a useful chart once posted by Marco at ... 961#p10961
But it is nice to actually be able to see it on the page:
This was a welcome supplement to the list by Dummett 1980, which I have reproduced at ... f=9&t=1175, on p. 401 of the book. Alciati is actually 1544. I don't know where 1547 comes from.

Compared to these lists there are two anomalies. Fortitude is never right before Justice. That is a feature of the A order; it is also a feature of the B order, but with many intervening cards. Also, there is only one virtue between Love nad Chariot, if that.

On the first point, it occurs to me that perhaps Marco's interpretation of Alciati does not allow for a certain ambiguity. Alciati's poem reads, with a translation for which I will take responsibility for the order of triumphs, although it is is mostly the product of many:
Mundus habet primas, croceas dein Angelus alis:
Tum Phoebus, luna, & stellæ, cum fulmine dæmon:
Fama necem, Crux ante senem, fortuna quadrigas:
Cedit amor forti & justo: regemque sacerdos,
Flaminicam regina præit que is campo propinat
Omnibus: extremo stultus discernitur actu.

The world has the primate, then the golden winged angel;
Then Phoebus, the moon and the stars, with lightning the devil;
Fame precedes death, the cross the old man, fortune the chariot;
Love yields to the strong and the just: the priest precedes the king,
The queen precedes the high priest’s wife, the innkeeper offers drinks
To all these: at the end the fool is recognizable by his behavior.
My main innovation is putting lightning before devil. Most translations have it after, but in the Latin it is clearly before.

But now look at forti and justo. Which is lower in the order? In this poem the first mentioned is generally the higher. But it is not completely clear, because it is not implied that amor is higher than the two after it. It is just that "Love yields to the strong and the just", without saying which precedes which. So Alciati's order might in this regard be compatible with the putative Cary Sheet order.

I have no resolution. It is just that the issue of what goes where now seems unclear in Alciati. If it is like the Cary Sheet as you interpret it, they are still different in another respect, namely the placement of both virtues between Love and Chariot, which is similar to the A order, except that all 3 virtues are so placed) In Piscina, however, we have one virtue so placed.

I am tempted to ask, which of these three orders came first, second, etc.. But I get no clear picture. But perhaps someothing emerges from the second anomaly. The Cary Sheet has Love immediately before Chariot, as in the French orders, which are later than the Italian. But perhaps what is true is that France made this change and Italy didn't, or under France's influence Northwestern Italy made a compromise, in which case the Cary Sheet would be French, in particular the style of Paris as opposed to Lyon. But an early one, influenced also by Florence and Ferrara. That also would explain the look of the Pope and Popess. In the PMB and even the Catelin Geoffroy (which does not resemble the Marseille) the Pope has no acolyte. A kneeling figure first appears in the Charles VI, lacking in the Rosenwald, but present in the Ferrara printed cards and then the Anonymous Parisian's sphinx, as can be seen on Tarot Wheel's Pope page, ... 0papa.html.

Added later: It strikes me as possible that the "Charles VI" may have gone from Florence to France with Charles VII. Savonarola seems to have enjoyed piling his "guest" with Medici luxury items, such as the magnificent illuminated Medici Trionfi of Petrarch now in the Bibliotheque Nationale. I have written about that one in a couple of places.

Re: Placement of the cards on the Cary Sheet block

When I click on the links in
In comparing the proposed Cary Sheet order above with other C orders, there is a useful chart once posted by Marco at ... 961#p10961
But it is nice to actually be able to see it on the page:
I don't get to Marco's original posting of that chart. (I think you will have to click the links in your posting, not in my quote from it.) I am probably just making some silly mistake. Did I just not see it? Do I have to go to other pages of the same thread? I would like to see Marco's posting, as I don't understand where the names in the Viéville column come from. Viéville's cards don't have labels, and neither "Trannay" nor "Vielart" is a word in French, although I can kind of see that "Vielart" must be "Oldster."

I've been using that table, since there's a copy here: ... cards.html
but I'd like to see Marco's original posting of it.

thank you.

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