Huck wrote:It seemed relative clear, that it was an astrological context (title of the book). And I can't imagine, that German book painters painted Christ in this way, as a boy on a wooden horse.
Phaeded wrote:You can view all of the images in that work in the Warburg link that Steve provided:
The image series that immediately precedes the plenary image of the planets is this: Lunar mansions → Cycles → Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, Allem. 106; the 28th and last mansion showing a Christian supplicating Mary and the Christ-child with a star above them (each mansion apparently getting star - if the text on the scrolls is Arabic then it is likely from the Picatrix [confirmed via link below - Arabic name for house 28 is Al BatnalHut - the German text just looks like a corruption of that, with "H" for "B"]); again the subsequent image is the soul as Christ-child amongst the planets, preceded by this 28th lunar mansion.
A previous lunar mansion, #20, shows a Christian pilgrim/soul, with cross on head like the angel, in a boat while fighting a devil for control of the steering oar - which is what the image in question must also show, except the struggle is the entire planetary arena (the astral influences of the planets similarily can "blow" the Christian off course from his path of salvation).
A fairly good webpage on the Picatrix and the Lunar Mansions: http://www.astrologer.com/aanet/pub/journal/picatrix.html
...it looks a little bit, as if the "boy with horse" picture doesn't belong to the Lunar cycle, but possibly to another following article.
This one being a very close cognate of the image in quesiton - a Christian salvation icon (the Church as Sol *[see below] holding a Soul?) drawn by horse into the remainder of the planetary circle (from Oxford, Bodleian Library → Bodley 266, fol. 49r, Scot, Michael → Liber Introductorius, Italian 15th C.):
Well, I see Sol (= Helios) with Phaethon, his son (name is given in the picture), visiting the row of the planets. Michael Scot worked for emperor Fredrick II, and this one hadn't it so much with "church holding a soul", actually often in war with the pope, though this should have been mostly after Michael Scot's death.
Phaeded wrote:Phaethon rode his father's chariot solo - that was in fact the problem (he could not control the horses by himself).
Any chance you can make out the additional text?
That image then would seem to be a post-mortem allegory for the Christian soul; Sol is frequently equated with Jesus but I say this pagan version with Phaethon is used allegorically becasue there is a cross on top of Sol:
Here's a quattrocento cycle of the Phaethon myth now in the Sforza Castle museum in Milan (my photo); Sol is n ot visible off to the right in a "solar nimbus" watching his son's fall from the chariot in Scorpius:
Sol as Pope in the Eremitani church in Padua (my [crappy] photo again; have a better one somewhere), c. 1360. Apparently the Augustinian brothers who commissioned this planetary cycle ignored Dante's complaint about the Pope's claims for the Church as metaphorically being the sun. Sol is surrounded by radiate flames just like on the Warburg manuscript:
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