FROM: THE STUDY OF GOITER THROUGH ART
The characters represented with goiter mainly belong to the LOWER
SOCIAL CLASSES: SHEPHERDS, PEASANTS, WORKERS, MAIDS,
WANDERING MINSTRELS (26%)
ONLY 3% of the representations are PORTRAITS OF IMPORTANT
Considering all the works of art that have been studied, 33% of the
characters had OBVIOUS SIGNS of CRETINISM and in 5% of cases it
is possible to DIAGNOSE the CAUSE of GOITER.
The goitre often (but not always) represented the curse of the physically or morally corrupt, a bad man.
A medieval biblical illumination for Psalm 52:
Psalm 52: For the director of music. A maskil of David. When Doeg the Edomite had gone to Saul and told him: “David has gone to the house of Ahimelek.”
1 Why do you boast of evil, you mighty hero?
Why do you boast all day long,
you who are a disgrace in the eyes of God?
2 You who practice deceit,
your tongue plots destruction;
it is like a sharpened razor.
3 You love evil rather than good,
falsehood rather than speaking the truth.
4 You love every harmful word,
you deceitful tongue!
5 Surely God will bring you down to everlasting ruin:
He will snatch you up and pluck you from your tent;
he will uproot you from the land of the living.
6 The righteous will see and fear;
they will laugh at you, saying,
7 “Here now is the man
who did not make God his stronghold
but trusted in his great wealth
and grew strong by destroying others!”
8 But I am like an olive tree
flourishing in the house of God;
I trust in God’s unfailing love
for ever and ever.
9 For what you have done I will always praise you
in the presence of your faithful people.
And I will hope in your name,
for your name is good.