Ulisse Aldrovandi's XVI Century Latin list of the trumps

#1
I just found this 1989 article by Franco Pratesi on trionfi.com. I don't remember reading about this Latin list of the trumps before:
Franco Pratesi wrote:As known, several encyclopedic treatises exist, where the triumphs are listed in order, without any reference to associated personages and the like; such are the well known lists from Steele’s manuscript, Citolini’s and Garzoni’s texts, and so on. To these lists, commonly reported in the histories of cards, one can be added which is contained in a manuscript by the known scientist Ulisse Aldovrandi [or Aldrovandi] (1522-1605), Misc.A.21.II. The list is in Latin, but it entirely corresponds to that by Garzoni: MUNDUS, JUSTITIA, ANGELUS, SOL, LUNA, ASTRUM, IGNIS, DIABOLUS, MORS, LAQUEO SUSPENSUS, SENEX, ROTA, FORTITUDO, AMOR, CURRUS, TEMPERANTIA, PAPA, PAPISSA, IMPERATOR, IMPERATRIX, MIMO, STULTUS. … Since in several points Aldovrandi explicitly quotes Garzoni’s book, it must be assumed that the date of the text is in the 1590s and that the whole material derives from earlier printed documents. It appears, however, surprising that Aldovrandi does not report the actual sequence of Tarocchino Bolognese, as if it were not yet distinguished from usual tarot. In fact, for other games, and also for children games, the author pays considerable attention to the local popular habits. In any case, some years later, Justice can be deduced from the Bolognese edition of the Barzelletta already to occupy a low position, as typical of the A order. 
Translated into English, the list is: World, Justice, Angel, Sun, Moon, Star, Fire, Devil, Death, Hanged by a Noose, Old Man, Wheel, Strength, Love, Chariot, Temperance, Pope, Popess, Emperor, Empress, Mime, Fool.

A few months ago, we briefly discussed a book related to the same Aldrovandi (Museo Cospiano).

Re: Ulisse Aldrovandi's XVI Century Latin list of the trumps

#2
In the title of the Museo Cospiano book appears a "Museo Cospiano annesso a quello del famoso Ulisse Aldrovandi" ...

Image


... does this "annesso" indicate, that part of the presented material in the Museo (possibly inclusive the very interesting card games; see ...
viewtopic.php?f=11&t=958&p=13984&hilit= ... ndi#p13984)
.... )came from the hands of Ulisse Aldrovandi?

Aldrovandi has a biography here ...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulisse_Aldrovandi
In the course of his life he would assemble one of the most spectacular cabinets of curiosities, his "theatre" illuminating natural history comprising some 7000 specimens of the diversità di cose naturali, of which he wrote a description in 1595. Between 1551 and 1554 he organised several expeditions to collect plants for a herbarium, among the first botanizing expeditions. Eventually his herbarium contained about 4760 dried specimens on 4117 sheets in sixteen volumes, preserved at the University of Bologna. He also had various artists, including Jacopo Ligozzi, Giovanni Neri, and Cornelio Schwindt, make illustrations of specimens.
Huck
http://trionfi.com

Re: Ulisse Aldrovandi's XVI Century Latin list of the trumps

#4
Huck wrote:In the title of the Museo Cospiano book appears a "Museo Cospiano annesso a quello del famoso Ulisse Aldrovandi" ...

... does this "annesso" indicate, that part of the presented material in the Museo (possibly inclusive the very interesting card games; see ...
viewtopic.php?f=11&t=958&p=13984&hilit= ... ndi#p13984)
.... )came from the hands of Ulisse Aldrovandi?
Yes Huck, I confirm that "annesso" means that Aldrovandi's museum was included in Cospi's Museum.

Re: Ulisse Aldrovandi's XVI Century Latin list of the trumps

#5
marco wrote: Yes Huck, I confirm that "annesso" means that Aldrovandi's museum was included in Cospi's Museum.
Thanks, I thought so.

Aldrovandi had some time in his youth in Brescia and Padova, on Venetian territory, and in Bologna he was accused of heresy in 1449 (27 years old), likely for some sympathy for protestantic ideas. He published the first book in Venice (which seems to have been a longer time the "only" book from him).
Perhaps his early Venetian connections made, that he later used a Ferrarese order and not a Bolognese in his Tarocchi description. Anyway, it would be nice to have this source ...

Franco wrote:
To these lists, commonly reported in the histories of cards, one can be added which is contained in a manuscript by the known scientist Ulisse Aldovrandi (1522-1605), Misc.A.21.II. The list is in Latin, but it entirely corresponds to that by Garzoni: MUNDUS, JUSTITIA, ANGELUS, SOL, LUNA, ASTRUM, IGNIS, DIABOLUS, MORS, LAQUEO SUSPENSUS, SENEX, ROTA, FORTITUDO, AMOR, CURRUS, TEMPERANTIA, PAPA, PAPISSA, IMPERATOR, IMPERATRIX, MIMO, STULTUS. It had already been published in a booklet(7) precisely devoted to that part of the codex describing games. However, since the booklet was printed for a wedding occasion and is relatively scarce, it escaped due attention by many scholars, except for Dr. Chicco, who found in it and in the codex essential information, for instance, on the early history of Italian draughts.(8) Since in several points Aldovrandi explicitly quotes Garzoni’s book, it must be assumed that the date of the text is in the 1590s and that the whole material derives from earlier printed documents.
http://trionfi.com/pratesi-cartomancer
(7) L.Frati, La Tavola Metodica dei Giuochi di Ulisse Aldovrandi. Bologna 1904.
(8) A.Chicco, in ARCI-Dama-Scacchi (1978) 10.

For Frati we have, that he variously worked about Aldovrandi
FRATI 1894 - L. Frati, La Bibliologia di Ulisse Aldrovandi, in “Rivista delle biblioteche”, V, 49-52, 1894, pp. 24-27.

FRATI 1898 a - L. Frati, Le edizioni delle opere di Ulisse Aldrovandi, in “Rivista delle biblioteche e degli archivi”, IX, 11, 1898, pp. 161-164.

FRATI 1898 b -L. Frati, Ulisse Aldrovandi bibliografo, in “Rivista delle biblioteche e degli archivi”, IX, 5, 1898, pp. 67-69.

FRATI 1904 - L. Frati, La tavola metodica dei giochi di U. Aldrovandi, per le nozze Zanichelli-Mazzoni, Bologna 1904.

FRATI 1905 - L. Frati, I pittori che coadiuvarono Ulisse Aldrovandi, in “Erudizione e Belle Arti”, n.s., II, fasc. XI-XII, 1905, pp. 174-176.

FRATI 1907 - L. Frati, Catalogo dei manoscritti di Ulisse Aldrovandi... con la collaborazione di A. Ghigi e A. Sorbelli, Bologna 1907.

FRATI 1908 - L. Frati, Ulisse Aldrovandi e Ferrara, in “Atti e Memorie della Deputazione Ferrarese di Storia Patria”, vol. XVIII, 1908, pp. 75-102.
http://www.bub.unibo.it/it-IT/BubLife/M ... 8&stampa=1

The text of 1904 confirms with "per le nozze Zanichelli-Mazzoni", that the giochi text was made for a wedding ??????
... however, studying some Google results for "nozze Zanichelli Mazzoni", I get the impression, that the wedding took place in at 21 August 1904, and various authors wrote something.
compare http://badigit.comune.bologna.it/FratiS ... 14243&cp=1
Frati wrote his Aldovrandi text for this nozze, and not Aldovrandi his giochi text ... that's at least my impression.

A text of 1908, " Ulisse Aldrovandi e Ferrara", confirms, that there was a Ferrarese connection in his life (not mentioned in his wikipedia articles). But this wouldn't be a wonder, considering the close distance (possibly he worked with Ferrarese painters ?)
Huck
http://trionfi.com

Re: Ulisse Aldrovandi's XVI Century Latin list of the trumps

#6
Hello Huck,
from Pratesi's article, I understand that Aldrovandi's text is a manuscript and was not published before 1904. Pratesi's comment about the text being "printed for a wedding occasion" refers to the printed 1904 edition. Apparently, the document is not considered very important because it is mostly derived from Garzoni: "Since in several points Aldovrandi explicitly quotes Garzoni’s book, it must be assumed that the date of the text is in the 1590s and that the whole material derives from earlier printed documents".

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