Phaeded wrote:I think the compass was too closely identified with Prudence in the mid-Quattrocento and the most prominent set of virtues in Florence - that of the Campanile and the Loggia dei Lanzi - shows Temperance holding the mixing vessels:
[the baptistery's temperance's sheathed sword is neither here nor there for this argument: http://2.bp.blogspot.com/--gbTQy6I1ns/Ul8SK_Vs8gI/AAAAAAAAB3Y/mWdcUspvItM/s1600/GOOD+TEMPERANCE.JPG ]
Indeed, the CVI’s own Temperance trump adheres to the older model of mixing vessels.
I am aware of the association between the compasses and Prudence. (For an earlier example of this association, see Giotto’s Prudence, Arena Chapel, ca. 1306). That said, I believe you overstate this association. I’ve also seen the motif of the compasses linked with the virtue, Justice. (Cf. the Capella Eleonora, Palazzo Vecchio, by Bronzino, ca. 1540-45, where it appears, along with the gallows square, as an attribute of this virtue.) The majority of works for the subject period continued to show the polycephalic Prudence with mirror and serpent or book, sans compasses. This holds true as well for the Loggia dei Lanzi and Campanile, which you cited. On the other hand, the Temperance by Brueghel the Elder (ca. 1560), which I referenced in my earlier post reflects a competing tradition that continued to link the compasses with Temperance.
Interestingly, however, Prudence was also linked with the Venus Pudica (or hand gestures associated with her). Along these lines, please see the Pulpit, Pisa Cathedral (1302-1310), which Giovanni Pisano apparently modeled after that constructed by his father, Nicola, at Siena. You’ll also note that the Pisa Temperance is given the attribute of the compasses. Fortitude holds the carcass of a lion. Justice holds her usual scales and sword.
I find this of interest in view of the Venus Pudica-like hand gestures given the naked, female protagonist in the CVI Judgment/Fama trump, as well as the monarch in green cloak shown in the CVI Death trump.
Phaeded wrote:Considering that one of the compass arms, per your detail, is placed on one of the bands of the armillary-like sphere - either the celestial equator or ecliptic - wouldn't it be most likely that the latter as indicated and the other arm attempting to indicate one of the lunar nodes for the important issue of eclipses? This is the moon card after all.... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunar_node
An interesting possibility. That said, I fail to see how this might preclude an association between the Moon trump and Temperance or Lachesis, for that matter. The theme of measuring is still present.