It are two cases of garnishment. The reason for the garnishment isn't known. It's (only) a possibility, that it relates to an action against a prohibition, possibly a prohibition against playing card use. The time 1499 is short after May 1498. when Savonarola was burnt. Savonarola had burnt cards between other luxury goods 1497/98 and this might have driven Florentine cardmakers into a crisis. And with Savonarola's death Savonarolism had been still a strong power in the city. So the return to normal "state with playing cards" in end of 1499 might be even called early.Franco Pratesi has published in the IPCS-issue 44/1 an article ...
1499-1506: Firenze - Nuove informazioni sulle carte fiorentine
The topic are 2 documents found by Lorenzo Böninger, likely the author of a work "Die Deutsche Einwanderung Nach Florenz Im Spätmittelalter" (2006). One is from 1499, the second is from December 1506.
Franco gives the location as ...
ASFI, Inventario N 35
ASFI, Mercanzia, 11585
c.117v and c. 119r
(if I understand that correctly)
Böninger found two inventories, one reporting the possessions [added: in a case of garnishment] of a cardmaker "Sinibaldo (= Giovanbattista) di Francesco Monaldi chartaro" (in this only "3 paio di forme a da fare charte" are of interest, confirming the idea, that this might be a playing card producer) and a second case of garnishment with much more details, in which the word "germini" appears twice and additional to that a "1 paio di tr(i)onfi alla franc(i)osa non finiti", which I interpret as an "unfinished French Trionfi deck", this likely owned by the same man now called "Giovanbattista di Francesco Monaldi" (an alternative would be, that Sinibaldo and Giovanbattista were brothers).
Franco's article is in Italian language, so I've my trouble to understand all details of his explanations. It's clear, that this is the oldest "Germini" note now, after the finding of "Germini" a few years ago in 1517 and 1519.
A second revolutionary condition can be associated with the "unfinished French Trionfi deck", which would confirm that there were French Trionfi decks in 1506 and curiously it seems, that a Florentine cardmaker attempted to reproduce these.
The both notes are given by Franco as follows:
I remember a Florentine case with a holy picture, gambling and a following public scandal and later veneration of the place around 1499/1500, something, which appeared at various places mostly in connection to playing card prohibition. I don't find this earlier note.
This is for the first document. The second document is more exciting.
What comes to my mind:
There is a story in various younger sources, that Michelangelo invented Minchiate (or Germini), when being in Siena. Do you know this? I attempted once to verify it, and came to the conclusion, that, if it would be true, there was some opportunity in the early 1500s (he had a larger commission then in Siena, which he didn't really finish; as far I remember ... this commission caused some longer trouble; Piccolomini altar, Michelangelo's production is noted for 1501-1504, but the case went on for long years, Siena expected Michelangelo to fulfill his commission).
If the relevant artist had a "French Tronfi" in work in December 1506, he should have known an example of France. Easily he might have identified Avignon = France. From Avignon we've the confirmation of a "Taraux" production in December 1505, which the Florentine cardmaker might have identified as "Trionfi".
I personally see, that Pope Julius in his earlier life as cardinal was long time (30 years or so) the chief of Avignon and he saw there (and allowed it and likely prospered from it) the advance of card production in Avignon. Julius was limited to France in the 1490s, cause he feared for his life in Italy cause of personal trouble with pope Alexander. Julius worked for the French attacks on Italian states.
In 1503 Julius became pope. He was a foe to Alfonso, the probable heir in Ferrara 1504. Julius suggested the younger brother Ferrante as follower of Ercole. Alfonso became duke in January 1505 and produced Tarochi decks in June 1505 and December 1505. Julius still was a foe of Alfonso and likely prepared already to attack Bologna (which he actually did in 1506). The production of Taraux in Avignon might have been a counter attack on Alfonso's production (Julius should have been still mighty enough in Avignon to cause that; just a sort of counter propaganda). The situation at the end of 1505 was so, that cardinal Ippolito (another Este brother, on the side of Alfonso) caused an attack on Giulio (another Este brother). Giulio's eyes were hurt, he became nearly blind by this.
In Sommer 1506 Ferrante attempted a rebellion, which in short time was crashed by Alfonso. Ferrante and another brother Giulio were sentenced to death, later changed to life-long prison (right under the kitchen in Ferrara castle).
A short time later Julius attacked and captured Bologna. Michelangelo got a commission for a triumphal pope statue in the course of development (later followed the Sixtin chapel decoration. This caused, that Michelangelo hadn't time for the Siena production.
I've told this story variously here, so I keep it short.
This I captured from elsewhere ...
viewtopic.php?f=11&t=420&p=5257&hilit=r ... 1506#p5258
Bernardo Rucellai had been in Avignon 1506 ... that's possibly an interesting information in the given context."Bernardo Rucellai and the Orti Oricellari: A Study on the Origin of Modern Political Thought
Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, Vol. 12, (1949), pp. 101-131
Published by: The Warburg Institute
The article is of interest regarding Bernardo Rucellai, Florentine banker, who - probably - participated as friend of Lorenzo Medici's youth and later brother-in-law at Lorenzo Medici's escapades, to which belonged - Trionfi.com hypothesis - the production of a Trionfi deck called "Charles VI" in 1463. The special focus of the article is at the later time, after Lorenzo's death in 1492.
The Rucellai garden, located at an edge of the city of Florence near the river, became a meeting for Florentian intellectuals ... it generally is regarded as a prolongation of the platonic academy of Florence and with that it might be the most probable place, where the game of Minchiate found to a form.
Bernardo Rucellai took opposition to the Savonarolian movement in 1495, after a Naples journey.
He opposed also the following Soderini reign, spending much time outside of Florence (1506-1511).
He worked for a reinstallment of the Medici.
When the Medici came back after 1412, he was not satisfied with the new young rulers.
1506 he spend the summer in Avignon, the place, where 1505 the first production of French Tarots is recorded.
After this he went to Milan, Bologna, Venice. "