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Re: Sola-Busca riddles

Posted: 29 Apr 2017, 07:31
by SteveM
In the pamphlet Catone interprets the comet as an omen of forthcoming successes of the Turks: another interpretation of the same comet of 1472, by the astrologer Martin Bylica at the Hungarian court, made a judgement of it for the Hungarian King Mathias Corvinus (as he has also done for the comet of '68) - the nickname Corvinus was based upon the King's heraldic Crow (Matto + Crow = Mathias Corvinus!?) - there is another Naples/Aragon connection, in that Mathias was married to Beatrice of Naples (also called Beatrice of Aragon) - ---

We discussed before here another illustration of a comet involving Mathias Corvinus:

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"The Pope, in his triple crown, seems to be overpowering the Emperor who holds onto the broken spindle which signifies his loss of control over Bohemia. For Paul II had already excommunicated the King and had crowned his own man, Matthias Corvinus."

On Martin Bylica's judgments on the comets of 1468 and 1472, an online essay (pdf) by Darin Hayton:

Martin Bylica at the Court of Matthias Corvinus: Astrology and Politics in Renaissance Hungary

http://dhayton.haverford.edu/wp-content ... taurus.pdf

Other similar of his articles here:
http://dhayton.haverford.edu/articles/

Re: Sola-Busca riddles

Posted: 01 May 2017, 08:45
by SteveM
Another interpretation of the same comet of 1472, by astrologer Martin Bylica at the Hungarian court, rendered a judgment for the Hungarian king Mathias Corvinus (as he did for the comet of 68) - the nickname Corvinus was based (Matto + Raven = Mathias Corvinus!) - again there is another connection to Naples / Aragon, Mathias was married to Beatrice of Naples (also called Beatrice of Aragon)

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The humanist John Vitez led a conspiracy against King Mattia Corvino in 1471: in 1474, the humanist Ferrarese Carbone wrote how this led to the view that those who were educated in Italy were corrupt, even though "scholars and Eloquent "they were unworthy - Florentine humanist with their ancient political theories and republican ideas led to conspiracies against the Medici "one after the other":

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In 1473, Carbone was part of the sumptuous procession of four hundred people, led by Sigismondo d'Este, which passed from Ferrara and, by way of Bologna, Florence, Siena and Rome, to Naples to escort Eleonora of Aragona. To give Ducal greetings to the governments of the States which have passed through, a work was given to him in preference to Boiardo, Tito Vespasiano Strozzi and Niccolò da Correggio, who were also part of the procession. It is perhaps on this occasion "Aragonese" that King Mattia Corvino first offered Carbone a place in his court - an offer he refused: but which encouraged him to write books dedicated to Corvino, or otherwise laudatory of him --

Re: Sola-Busca riddles

Posted: 01 May 2017, 10:16
by SteveM
SteveM wrote: The humanist John Vitez led a conspiracy against King Mattia Corvino in 1471: in 1474, the humanist Ferrarese Carbone wrote how this led to the view that those who were educated in Italy were corrupt, even though "scholars and Eloquent "they were unworthy - Florentine humanist with their ancient political theories and republican ideas led to conspiracies against the Medici "one after the other":
The most notorious perhaps being the Pazzi conspiracy, in which Pope Sixtus IV was directly involved:

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There was an Italian superstition, that the rule of a sixth always led to the ruin of Rome:

Sextus Tarquinius, Sextus Nero, Sextus et iste;
Semper sub Sextis perdita Roma fuit.


The sixth Tarquin, the sixth Nero, this sixth;
Rome has always been lost under a sixth.

Re: Sola-Busca riddles

Posted: 06 May 2017, 11:13
by SteveM
Besides Carbone, there are some other Poets:


Serafino dall'Aquil

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VENTURINO de VENTURINI da Pesaro

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Panfilo Sasso di Sassi

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Baccio Ugolini

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Re: Sola-Busca riddles

Posted: 06 May 2017, 12:10
by SteveM
Both used the poetic form the Strambotto, in which form we have one of our earliest (anonymous) listings of the tarot trumps in the A order:

Strambotti de triumphi

Miracomãdo aquel angelo pio,
al mõdo al sole alla luna & lostello
alla saetta & aquel diauol rio
la morte el traditore el vechiarello
la rota el caro & guistitia di dio
forteza & temperanza & amor bello
al Papa Imperatore & Imperatrice
al bagatello al matto più felice

(I recommend this pious angel,
The world, the sun, the moon & the star,
To the lightning & to that wicked devil,
Death, traitor, and old man,
The wheel, chariot and justice of God.
Fortitude & Temperance & lovely Love,
To the pope, emperor, empress,
To the bagatello, to the most happy madman.)

An example of a Strombatto by Panfilo:

La vechiarella peregrina e stanca
se 'l dì camina almen posa la sera;
el villanel la notte se rinfranca
se 'l giorno s'afatica alla rivera;
se quando al sole el bove mena l'anca,
quando è la luna almen posar si spera;
ma s'ío patisco el giorno affanno e doglia,
assai la notte son de pegior voglia'.

Re: Sola-Busca riddles

Posted: 10 Aug 2017, 21:07
by rithkhmer
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Re: Sola-Busca riddles

Posted: 30 Aug 2017, 01:23
by Phaeded
SteveM wrote:
29 Apr 2017, 07:31

We discussed before here another illustration of a comet involving Mathias Corvinus:
Image
Steve (or anyone),
I'm unclear on the iconography and meaning of this engraving, but nonetheless have a proposal.

The emperor is Frederick III who sought to unify the Habsburg hereditary lands of Austria, yet also has dynastic claims to Hungary as well as to the Burgundian inheritance. Burgundy is ruled by Charles the Bold in this time period, but comes to his demise in 1477. If the cartoon dates to then or later, is the withered tree (end of the dynastic tree) and coat of arms of Fleur-di-lys not a reference to Burgundy (Borgodie), with the upside down spelling of "DUX" also referring to the ill-fortune of that House, no longer able to support the Emperor? Duke Charles the Bold heated up his political intrigues in 1474 by coming into conflict with the Archduke Sigismund of Austria (the boat in the cartoon is Austria), who refused to restore his possessions in Alsace; ultimately Charles is killed at the Battle of Nancy (1477), when his head was cleaved in two by a halberd. Charles' primary symbol was the lion - as noted in the cartoon and on his coinage, as well as being featured in the center of the Valois stemma (see the Double Briquet below, struck under Charles the Bold in Bruges, 1475). The emperor in the cartoon literally stands upon the lion with one foot, as if that is the power source from which he launches himself.

But the real question is this: if a comet why no tail, and why is it labeled "sub Saturno" with its malignant ray (Saturn being a "bad" planet after all) striking Charles' tutelary animal, the lion, on the head? Charles dies on January 5th, which falls in the month under Capricorn, one of the two signs of Saturn. The cartoon seems to suggest the pope can have his way with Frederick III because his bellicose ally of Charles the Bold (and his House of Valois dynasty) was no more.

As an aside, I should state my primary interest here is in the use of the lion as a symbol of a region, cowed in defeat in an astrological context (i.e., it parallels an argument I've made for the VS Strength card).

Phaeded

PS the coin of Charles the Bold, the reverse being the stemma of the House of Valois, but both sides feature lions:
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