Other persons around Antonio di Dino Canacci

Della Stufa Family


Two lions with cross seems to have been the general symbol ...
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Categ ... ella_Stufa

An ancestor list is given at ...
Vite di due beati della famiglia de' Lotteringhi Della Stufa cioè del b. Lotteringo dell'Ordine de' Servi di Maria e del b. Girolamo dell'Ordine de' Minori osservanti di S. Francesco con l'albero genealogico di detta nobilissima patrizia famiglia
Giuseppe Maria Brocchi (1687-1751)
http://books.google.de/books?id=5UHjqve ... fa&f=false

The Stufa family had "2 Beato" (as it is plural, it should be "2 Beati", which means "possible Saints in spe").

1. The first Stufa Beato is a man of 13th century ...


http://www.culturaitalia.it/viewItem.js ... 0900637019
by Castellucci Salvi (1608/ 1672), "Madonna con Bambino in gloria tra san Filippo Benizi e il Beato Lotteringo Della Stufa"

A second biography is given here ...
http://books.google.de/books?id=E0xDAAA ... go&f=false
... according which it seems, that he was born 1230/33, died in the year 1300 and was made a Beato in 1384.
He entered the "Ordine dei Servi di Maria (OSM)". In 1285 he followed Filippo Benizzi in the function of "Generale de' Servi". (compare the picture above: it shows the saint Benizzi and Lotteringo della Stufa]

Benizzi himself was beatified by Pope Leo X in 1515 (or 1645 ?) and made a saint in 1685 under the somewhat strange grand duke of Toscana, Cosimo III (who in modern times generally is considered as having been rather sick with his religious ideas). This happened around 1684 in Florence ...
The Holy Roman Emperor requested Cosimo's participation in the Great Turkish War. At first, he resisted, but then sent a consignment of munitions to Trieste, and offered to join the Holy League.[38] They defeated the Turks at the Battle of Vienna in September 1683. To Cosimo's dismay, "many scandals and disorders continued to occur in the matter of carnal intercourse between Jews and Christian women, and especially putting their children out to be suckled by Christian nurses."[39] The Grand Duke, wishing to supplement the "foe of heretics" persona he acquired after Vienna, outlawed the practice of Jews using Christian wet-nurses and declared that if a Christian father wished to have his half-Jewish child suckled by a Christian nurse he must first apply to the government for a permit in writing.[39] In addition, public executions increased to six per day.[40] Gilbert Burnet, Bishop of Salisbury and a famed memorialist, visited this Florence in November 1685, of which he wrote that "[Florence] is much sunk from what it was, for they do not reckon that there are fifty thousand souls in it; the other states, that were once great republic, such as Siena and Pisa, while they retained their liberty, are now shrunk almost into nothing...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosimo_III ... of_Tuscany

It's interesting to see, that the beatification of Lotteringo Stufa preceded that of Benizzi. The order "Servi di Maria" had possibly a connection to the far spread "wonders with pictures of Maria" around the region of Florence in this time, a movement, which after 1400 took a specific focus on a fresco in SS Annunciata ... see my report "Angel story ...
... which became a great religious and touristic attraction and involved then also Cosimo Pater Patriae and the birth of Lorenzo de Medici in 1448/1449 (and likely not only then). Here ...
.... I find the note "Beato Lottaringo, one of the seven founders of the S. Annunziata".

2. The second Stufa Beato lived during 14th century ...


http://www.culturaitalia.it/viewItem.js ... 0900637018
"Predica del Beato Girolamo Della Stufa"
Author is not given, but it's given to the same period (time of Cosimo III) as the picture of the other Stufa Beato. Likely both pictures were done in the preparaion of Benzzi as a new Florentine saint.

... and his biography is presented in a shorter way:
http://books.google.de/books?id=Uns5AAA ... fa&f=false



The biography gives "Convento di San Francesco in Fiesolo" as his start ...
http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convento_d ... Fiesole%29
... and wiki tells about this location ..
Il convento di San Francesco è un convento francescano ... Su un preesistente romitorio sorse nel 1399 il convento francescano. Ad allora risalgono il protiro affrescato nel sottarco, il dormitorio di San Bernardino e uno dei due chiostri. Alla fine del Quattrocento la chiesa fu ingrandita nella parte absidale, costruendo il coro sopra la cappella sotterranea.
We have, that Beato Girolamo della Stufa had been beatified in 1451 and that's a very interesting year, cause in 1450 the Franciscan San Bernardino had been made a saint, in a rather short time after his death (1444). Dates are missing in his biography, but it's said, that he talked much with Tomasso Scarlino ...
... who lived c. 1370 - 1447 and became also Beato, but very late (1771).

Likely one has to conclude, that both promotions (San Bernardino and also that of Beato Girolamo) have their context in the growing popularity of the Franciscans during 15th century, which (after a long time without Franciscan pope) finally lead to pope Sixtus IV (1471), which had been a Franciscan pope. The Franciscans, as we know ...
... had specialized on their attacks against playing cards.

In the researched biography of Antonio di Dino Canacci, who is suspected to have been the playing card producer or playing card merchant "Antonio di Dino" from Franco Pratesi's Florentine lists, we have the curious situation, that Antonio di Dino was married to Pippa della Stufa, daughter of a family with Beati, and one of the both became Beati just in 1451, and Antonio di Dino (playing card producer) made his first sure Trionfi deck in 1452, though there are suspicions, that he possibly made already Trionfi decks 1445 and possibly 1441 and (if we extend the speculations) possibly already in 1439.

So I found it of interest to get clearer details about the della Stufa family. The above mentioned work of Giuseppe Maria Brocchi contains lists with della Stufa ancestors.They start at page 16:
http://books.google.de/books?id=5UHjqve ... &q&f=false


Lotto or Lottario (likely Lothar) came with emperor Otto III (16 years old in 996) in the year 998 (according report). Otto III established his cousin as new pope Gregory V. in 996, then 24 years old. Gregory crowned Otto. A 52-years-old anti-pope was chosen (997-998). A Pavia council decided for Gregory V. Otto III crashed the Roman rebellion (998) and reestablished Gregory. Gregory died 999, possibly by foul play. Gerbert was chosen, a lucky choice (a man with many new ideas, with qualities in arithmetic, mathematics, and astronomy and he reintroduced to Europe the abacus and armillary sphere). He became Pope Sylvestor II. A new rebellion in 1001. Otto died 1002, Gerbert died 1003.

Lothar, as it seems, established in Italy and became "Lotto".



"B. Lotteringo" stands for the first Stufa Beato (1230-1300).




Ugo di Lotti (green) got a biography at treccani.it:
http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/ugo ... rafico%29/

He married a Medici daughter in 1326 and this marriage is said to have prepared the later good relations between della Stufa and Medici family.


A side line of the family, in which the second Stufa Beato Girolamo appeared. Of some relevance is also Lorenzo, who developed an own family (the second of two Florentine Stufa families), which in our case led - according the researches of Giuseppe Maria Brocchi - to Pippa, wife of Antonio di Dino Canacci, but according the research of a later genealogy researcher this must have been a mistake. Pippa had been the sister of Giovenco della Stufe, the Medici banker, and belonged to another part of the Stufa family (we come back to this point later).


Here we meet Andrea, ancestor of the one family, which interests us. He has a biography ...
Andrea della Stufa (+ in 1411, grandfather of banker Giovenco and his sister Pippa, ) has a long biography ...
http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/and ... rafico%29/
... and the biography notes for the testamento 4 considered sons: Ugo, Giovanni, Lorenzo and Lotteringo



The comments are not much ... however, the oldest son (?) Ugo gets an extended biography at treccani.it:
http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/ugo ... rafico%29/
He died in 1418, without direct heir (his brothers Lorenzo and Lotteringo got an annual payment).
1418, che i suoi eredi, i fratelli Lorenzo e Lotteringo, dessero annualmente al santuario di Montesenario sessanta staia di grano, quaranta barili di vino e 150 fiorini d'oro. La stessa moglie Niccolosa, che gli sopravvisse per qualche anno, dispose nel suo testamento a favore dei monaci di Montesenario un legato di 300 fiorini.
Brother Giovanni seems to have been dead in 1412 already, only his son Niccolo seems to be considered, presented by a notary.

The twice mentioned Montesenario is this here ...


In the text one can read ...
Il convento fu eretto nel 1234 da sette nobili fiorentini, fondatori dell'ordine dei Servi di Maria, e perciò detti i Sette santi fondatori; fu ampliato nel XV secolo, e di nuovo nel 1594 dal granduca Ferdinando I, per essere poi in parte modificato nel XVIII e nel XIX secolo.
In the biography of Beato Lottorengo we read, that he was one of the Fondatori dell'ordinario dei Servi di Maria. As he was too young in 1234 (*1230 or 1233), one likely has to assume, that he was dedicated to work there already as a child, and the early "della Stufa" family (not clear, if they had the name already) seem to have one of the sponsors.
Further ...
A sinistra si affaccia la chiesa dell'Addolorata, dedicata anche a San Filippo Benizi, edificata nel 1412 dai della Stufa sul preesistente oratorio; completamente ristrutturata nel 1717, probabilmente sotto la direzione di Giovan Battista Foggini, con aggiunte e modificazioni successive; preceduta da un portico, è fiancheggiata dal campanile eretto nel 1648 e rinnovato alla fine del secolo XVIII.
1412 is one year after the death of the father Andrea, and Ugo had become head of the family. San Filippo Benizi we had already, the forerunner as the general of the order, before Beato Lottorengo took the position.
Further ...
destra della porta di ingresso, monumento sepolcrale di Sigismondo della Stufa, dell'inizio del XVI secolo
A hero of the family, who had a positive role, when Lorenzo de Medici was saved from the attack on his life in 1478.


1427 - The catasto knows three households for the Della Stufa family in Florence. Other della Stufa families seem to exist outside of Florence.

1. Lorenzo di Andrea (47 years, married, 10 bocche, 6451)

2. Lotteringo di Andrea (42 years, married, 5 bocche, 6911)

3. Giovanni di Lorenzo (48 years, married, 10 bocche, 1371)

This Giovanni di Lorenzo is from another part of the family, with, as the money notes explain, less money than the other part. Pippa (wife of Antonio di Dino Canacci) is said to have been daughter of Niccolo, son of this Giovanni di Lorenzo. But she isn't.

This I'll explain in my next post.

Pippa's riddle / della Stufa family

In the earlier state of research I had been stumbled about this information
Istoria Fiorentina, Volume 9
Marchiònne (di Coppo Stefani), Ildefonso (di San Luigi)
Cambiani, 1781 - 427 pages

Very confusing ... the author himself is confused a little bit about his documents.






Dino is the son of Antonio di Dino Canacci. That's clear. But the mother is not so clear.

The mother (and Antonio's wife) seems to have been the sister of Giovenco di Lorenzo della Stufa. This was likely the following banker, working for the Medici, first in Rome (1432) and then in Basel (1439), then also in Burgundy and England, even in Tunesia and Constantinople etc.
http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/gio ... rafico%29/
... a longer biography. Likely the most famous person of the della Stufa family.
I forgot to mention the web-quote:
http://books.google.de/books?id=DCFDwo8 ... ci&f=false

It's difficult to understand. There's a juristic case and Antonio di Dino, his wife Pippa and their son Dino (Dinus) is involved. Also the brother-in-law, Giovenco della Stufa. For further confusion the author detects

Still in work

father of Lorenzo di Giovanni della Stufa, who presents the Medici bank in Basel 1441-43, following in this occupation Giovenco della Stufa (in Basel 1439-1441)

Children of Lorenzo di Andrea della Sufa and Simona di Angelo Spini
1. 1407, Angelo (+ 1481)
http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/ang ... rafico%29/
2. 1412, 30th of July - Giovenco della Stufa, brother-in-law to Antonio die Dino Canacci
3. ? daughter Pippa, later wife of Antonio di Dino Canacci (Antonio di Dino is not married in 1427)


Still in work

Antonio di Dino Canacci

Jstor article impact

A jstor article reports some activities of Antonio di Dino:

Around and in the Gianfigliazzi Palace in Florence ...
by Brenda Preyer
http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2 ... 3544114383
Page 59 mainly

The Gianfigliazzi family had some property close to the river Arno in Florence. In 1427 the owner died, and the heirs sold it to a Gianfigliazzo relative, Giovanna, who was married to Galeazzo Borremeo ...
http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/gal ... rafico%29/
... where we read ...
Il 16 febbr. 1413 Firenze toglieva il bando alla famiglia Borromeo, la quale cominciò da allora ad acquistare palazzi e botteghe nella città e terreni nel contado e ad investire denari nel Monte Comune fiorentino. Per venti anni, inoltre, la famiglia godette di benefici fiscali. Il B. si stabilì, in data non conosciuta, a Firenze dove nel 1425 sposò Giovanna Gianfigliazzi e dove nel 1430 abitava in una casa sul Lungarno. Intorno al 1432 egli divideva con i fratelli Giovanni e Antonio l'eredità paterna (Borromeo era morto nel 1422) e quella dello zio Alessandro, morto scapolo l'8 luglio 1431. Nella divisione al B. andò la casa che abitava sul Lungarno, un castello a Santa Maria Novella in Val d'Elsa, tredici poderi tra Santa Maria Novella e Lucardo, novanta "luoghi" di Genova, un quarto del capitale complessivo del banco di Venezia e delle filiali di Bruges e Londra, cinque carati della magona di una vena di ferro nell'isola d'Elba del valore di 4.700 fiorini, "denari di Monte Comune" di Firenze e "paghe sostenute" per un ammontare di 27.400 fiorini e infine cinque schiavi russi. Ad Antonio andarono i beni che Borromeo possedeva fuori della Toscana (a Padova, nel Veronese e nel Bolognese) insieme con un quarto del capitale del banco veneziano e delle due filiali. A Giovanni, infine, oltre a un altro quarto del capitale, andarono beni immobili siti in Firenze, a Montopoli, a San Casciano e a Castel Vecchio in Val di Pesa, più "denari di Monte Comune" per un ammontare di 24.400 fiorini.
.... that this had been a very rich man, who had not only property in Florence. He was a relative to the Milanese Borromeo, but had been prisoner there in 1403 and so he took a Florentine and Venice orientation. In 1433 he returned from Florence back to Venice, but founded a bank also in Florence, together with his brother Giovanni.

Galeazzo Borremeo died in 1436, and there had been an a major unfinished trade with silk between him and Antonio di Dino Canacci and a relative of Antonio di Dino had been also married to the Gianfigliazzi, so it happened, that Antonio di Dino Canacci got this possession. The documents speak of 1400 fiorini. The deal seems to have been finished in 1437.

It's said, that Antonio di Dino expanded these possessions in the following years, the Lungarno Abacus school must have belonged either to these extensions or had been already part of the first sale. A very narrow way had been called the "passageway that goes into the abacus school" already in 1427, for this reason one can assume, that Antonio di Dino got a relation to the abacus business just by opportunity (the abacus school had been in his house 1443-1445).
The playing card producer, who was found by Franco Pratesi in the books of the two silk dealers for a rather long period once had sold also abaci ...
Antonio di Dino is usually mentioned as "fa i naibi", he produces naibi. This is a usual indication for the corresponding profession. In other cases, we find "dipintore" or painter, mentioned, but this is found more frequently for painters of boxes and cases, than of cards.
If possible, it is useful to understand, which the original profession of the maker had been: the simplest case is when we find a new cardmaker who is the son, or the younger brother of a known cardmaker. The case of Antonio di Dino is somewhat particular, because the first time that we find him in book 12792 he did not supply cards. He was then mentioned as a maker and supplier of abaci, or counting frames (l. 2r – April 1442). Later on, we find him indicated on one occasion as a "tavolacciaio", maker of tables (12793, 25r – 1449).
In April 1442 the name "Antonio di Dino" had been already mentioned twice in the silk dealer books 12794 and 12795 (Ricordanze A + B, both in 1441 and in both cases expensive decks, 24 soldi, totally 5 decks) and mentioned at the sales list of book 12794 for September 1439, 11 decks for 9 soldi each ...
.. (shortened as ADD at the list).

It's till now, that the abacus relation of the card producer "Dino di Antonio" is the only one big argument, which makes the identification plausible to Antonio di Dino Canacci, who's known as a silk dealer himself mainly.
The silk guild was known for the condition, that their members occasionally were artists. It's a somehow astonishing feature that silk dealer often appear as occupied also with playing card trade. Pierozzo di Ser Francesco from the della Luna family, who in Rome appears as the most important trader of playing cards fro instance ... the della Luna family was one of the first in silk trade.

http://books.google.de/books?id=KQjzxjD ... 22&f=false

Andrea Banchi and Cambini are names, which also appear in Franco Pratesi's articles. For Pierozzo di Ser Francesco himself Arnold Esch notes "Seidenstoffe in allen Qualitäten (cremusine figurato, velluto colleratur, brochata d'oro, nastri de seta)" between other goods. Bartolomeo de Nicolo, also rather active in Rome as Trionfi card importer, has also "nastri de seta" and "catarzo". Antonio del Sasso, less active with cards with about 80 Trionfi decks, has also a lot of silk ware and for him Esch notes, that he cooperates with the Florentine silk trader Stefano de Guelfo.
Further we have, that the first known trader with Trionfi cards, Marchione Burdochi from Bologna, also traded with silk.

Antonio di Dino Canacci as a silk dealer fits the picture of a playing card trader ... but it doesn't seem plausible, that he himself had been a humble painter of playing cards. But as somebody, who besides his major trade had some other businesses running as for instance also a humble playing card trade, the character is possible. As it seems, somebody must have had the idea, that the necessary silk dealer trade web might be used also for other goods ... likely this was not only one man's idea, but many participated. Antonio di Dino might have had some greater importance for playing card distribution, at least we find his name at 2 trader lists (Lapini family and the two silk dealer).
Antonio di Dino participated also in the market of immovable property ...
Back to the jstor article ...



... well, likely only for his own use. Likely he had the plan to have a larger house somewhere. He got the Lungarno place just by opportunity (1437). He enlarged the property. And then he decided to change the location ... perhaps he had experienced, what the river Arno could mean to houses near the river? He didn't get his 1400 Fiorini back, if we can trust the price of 1250 Fiorini, though he had enlarged the property.

The curious document (the juristic case, which gives me so much trouble) is also about a house ("Litigavasi la casa in via della Stufa a essa congiunta.")

A footnote (jstor-article) gives further information:


The juristic case about the house leads to an agreement in 1448. In 1449 sells the Lungarno property. In 1448 and 1449 he went to get a political job, but he wasn't allowed (possibly cause of debts). As I already reported, after studying ...
http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/t ... 0&SER_0=05
Antonio di Dino Canacci was NOT elected as one of the 16 Gonfalonieri di Compagnia at 2nd of September 1448. NOT elected cause of ...
Rdraw="43"= In "Speculo". This generally meant that the individual was in tax arrears and was thus not eligible for office, but it might also have had other as yet uncertain meanings.
He is recorded as living in S. Maria Novella. His occupation is SETAIUOLUS. He is part of the guild 25-Seta (Por S. Maria) [Silk].

Antonio di Dino Canacci was NOT elected as one of the 12 Buonuomini at 12th of June 1449. NOT elected cause of ...
Rdraw="43"= In "Speculo". This generally meant that the individual was in tax arrears and was thus not eligible for office, but it might also have had other as yet uncertain meanings.
He is recorded as living in S. Maria Novella. His occupation is SETAIUOLUS. He is part of the guild 25-Seta (Por S. Maria) [Silk].
His son Dino, possibly just 11 years old in 1448, went also for a political job (he naturally also wasn't allowed, but what's behind this ? ... had Dino gotten political rights already, cause some of the possessions of Antonio had been given formally to him in the course of the agreement in the juristic case ?)
http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/t ... IT+CANACCI

Finally we have, that Dino buys the property, which later became Palazzo Canacci in 1455. Dino (not confirmed birth-date is given as 1437') is treated, as if he's the oldest son, one has to suspect, that Giovanni and Bartolomeo (his brothers) were younger than this.

Still a lot of questions, but a huge progress in the research about Antonio di Dino Canacci with this jstor-article.


Birthday of daughter

The pdf-file "Osservazioni istoriche" di Domenico Maria Manni (1784) ...
http://www.icar.beniculturali.it/biblio ... /29tom.pdf
page 28-29
... confirms the name Filippa for the wife of Antonio Dino, and gives as birth date for his daughter Costanza the year 1434.



Galeazzo Malatesta / Canacci family

The same source with the birth date of daughter Costanza gives also the following

The pdf-file "Osservazioni istoriche" di Domenico Maria Manni (1784) ...
http://www.icar.beniculturali.it/biblio ... /29tom.pdf
page 34-35



For the moment I don't know, how to interpret this. I don't know, if Antonio di Dino had much to do with these "Canacci, Signore of ...". The notary Zanobi, who attempts to manage the deal, is from that Florentine quarter, where also the Canacci family lived.

Galeazzo Malatesta
http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/gal ... rafico%29/

Alessandro Sforza
http://www.condottieridiventura.it/inde ... dro-sforza
According condottieridiventura.it Alessandra Sforza married Costanza da Varano (16 years old daughter of Piergentile da Varano, who had been killed as all other older Varano in 1433/34, only 2 boys survived) in December 1444. This marriage likely was connected to the sale of Pesaro in January 1445 by Galeazzo Malatesta to Alessandro Sforza. The marriage has two survivig children, Battista (who married Montefeltro), and Costanzo Sfoza (who married Camilla d'Arago in 1475), the wife died in 1447 during the birth of the second son.

The attempt Galeazzo's to buy the "fortezza in Valdelsa nella pieve di San Lazzero" from the Canacci likely happened before, but the financial situation of Galeazzo Malatesta likely didn't allow to finish the deal completely, as Galeazzo Malatesta had been under attack from his cousin Sigismondo Pandolfo. If Galeazzo got and took it really, I don't know in the moment.

Wikipedia sees the Gianfigliazzi family (the same, that lost 1427 the territory at Lungarno first to the Borromeo family and then later to Antonio di Canacci) as the rulers of the location during 14th century. Perhaps the Canacci had it only for a short while, the Gianfigliazzi were in 1428 short of money.
Nel 1363 la pieve venne costituita in dote alla famiglia Gianfigliazzi [19], signori del Castello di Santa Maria Novella ...
Looks nice, but possibly there's not much, which has the early date ...

http://www.panoramio.com/user/6355868/t ... 20Brugnano

... and the reports to the event of 1444 seem to be thin.


According this Galeazzo got it really.

Questo nome di Santa Maria Novella e' dato ad un castello assai ben conservato , ad ostro-scirocco di Lucardo e ad un altezza di 407 metri , ricordato nel 1020 per alcuni beni che qui il ridetto Pimmone di Tatto vende' a Berta di Rolando .Poi vi comincio' a possedere il vescovado fiorentino nel 1126 , quando Zabollina di Bottaccio vedova di Ridolfino da Catignano , pigliando il velo ,fece al vescovo Gottifredo rinunzia di molti dei suoi diritti feudali .

Il 25 novembre 1312 , dopo nove giorni d'assedio , fu preso d'assalto da Baldovino di Lussemburgo , arcivescovo di Treveri e fratello d'Arrigo VII , che vi fece molti prigionieri , tra cui Corrado Gianfigliazzi figlio del signore del castello , ai quali furon fatti soffrire stenti gravissimi fino a doverne morire .I Gianfigliazzi che ne erano i signori , per esser guelfi oltre ad aver ricevuto danni dai ghibellini dopo Montaperti nel 1260 , e dai seguaci di Arrigo VII , si ridussero a un tal punto d'impotenza , che nel 1355 trattarono della vendita di questo castello con gli Acciaiuoli. Poi l'ebbero i Canacci , i quali nel 1444 , quando gia' era stato convertito in villa signorile lo vendettero a Galeazzo Malatesta , signore di Pesaro ,da cui prima passo' ai Borromeo , poi ai Franceschi , piu' tardi ai Carnesecchi e finalmente ai Pappadoff e Carranza.

Il castello e' quasi quadrangolare , con torri merlate negli angoli e con torre massiccia sulla porta , che e' di forma senese , dandoci tutto l'insieme un bellissimo esempio di architettura militare del medio evo . Quasi tutta la costruzione e' in pietra tufacea , che le da un colore di veneranda vetusta' . Nell'interno si vedono alcune buone tele moderne ed una discreta raccolta di ritratti della famiglia Carnesecchi

Re: Galeazzo Malatesta / Canacci family

... and the reports to the event of 1444 seem to be thin.
Well, I got something ...
In the biography of Galeazzo Borromeo, who had died in the year 1436 (and for this reason Antonio di Canacci got the possession at the river Arno in 1437), I find this note:
Intorno al 1432 egli divideva con i fratelli Giovanni e Antonio l'eredità paterna (Borromeo era morto nel 1422) e quella dello zio Alessandro, morto scapolo l'8 luglio 1431. Nella divisione al B. andò la casa che abitava sul Lungarno, un castello a Santa Maria Novella in Val d'Elsa, tredici poderi tra Santa Maria Novella e Lucardo, novanta "luoghi" di Genova, un quarto del capitale complessivo del banco di Venezia e delle filiali di Bruges e Londra, cinque carati della magona di una vena di ferro nell'isola d'Elba del valore di 4.700 fiorini, "denari di Monte Comune" di Firenze e "paghe sostenute" per un ammontare di 27.400 fiorini e infine cinque schiavi russi.
http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/gal ... rafico%29/
(I noted the biography already earlier)

So it seems plausible, that at the same time and during the same action the "castello a Santa Maria Novella" wandered from the Borromeo to the Canacci family. How this was ruled and paid and managed inside the family one naturally doesn't know, at least it seems clear, that Antonio di Dino had been somehow involved in the case, possibly in a leading role.

Such a big home likely isn't sold in one communicative action alone ... so there must have been some preparation. Galeazzo Malatesta likely thought about his escape route a longer time. The castle is far away and in safe distance from his Malatesta cousins.
Possibly there is a way to get the precise dates of the action.

My first source mentioned an Abate Pietro Farulli <1650-1728>...
and he wrote ...
Cronologia dell'antica nobil', e potente famiglia de' Malatesti signori delle città di Rimini, di Cesena, di Fano, ... composta dall'abate Pietro Farulli cittadino fiorentino, e consecrata al ... conte Cesare Malatesti .
Siena : nella Stamp. dell'A.R. ... presso Francesco Quinza, 1724
http://opac.sbn.it/opacsbn/opac/iccu/sc ... VEE\039977

Re: Sons of Antonio di Dino

I checked the results of of the catasto data base for all Florentine Canacci families ...
http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/c ... c&limit=60

I got this result (for the state of 1427):

Francesco ?, father of Dino, Pagolo and Michele(?)
once there had been a Francesco Canacci, and it looks, as if 3 sons of him are in the catasto (it's not so sure with Michele)

Dino di Francesco (age 75 trade 40 money 1753 taxable 1452 married bocche 5)
Antonio di Dino (age 35 trade 25 money 5507 taxable 377 bocche 1)
Domenico di Dino (age 52 trade 29 money 825 taxable 29 bocche 6)

Pagolo di Francesco (age 68 trade 40 money 2327 taxable 1736 married bocche 4)

Michele di Francesco (living in 1419)
Zanobi di Michele (age 23 trade - money 1587 taxable 1392 bocche 3)

The following are Canacci households with some distance in the relationship, but the name Canacci had formed "mid of 14th century" with Lapo di Dino Canacci, so the distance can't be too far. If it had been c. 80 years, I might
have been 3-4 generations of "Canacci".

Antonio di Bartolo (age 11 trade - money 558 taxable 466 bocche 1)
Antonio di Stefano (age 56 trade - money 320 taxable 320 mar.4 bocche 5)
Domenico di Delvegna (age 30 trade - money 15 taxable - bocche 4)
Filippo di Giovanni (age 38 trade - money 798 taxable 673 bocche 9)
Giambino di Piero (age 63 trade - money 384 taxable 358 married bocche 3)
Iacopo di Berto (age 65 trade - money 1453 taxable 1264 married bocche 14)
Lisa di Banchino (age 76 trade - money 196 taxable 196 mar4 bocche 1)
Marco di Martino (age 34 trade - money 558 taxable 538 married bocche 8)
Niccolosa di Bertino (age 60 trade - money 452 taxable 350 mar4 bocche 2)
Niccolosa di Giovanni (age 24 trade - money 57 taxable 57 mar7 bocche 1)


I count 67 bocche (= "heads") in the Florentine Canacci households, some of them might be servants. The one man in the family, who "moves the money", seems to be Antonio di Dino: 5507 Fiorini, but taxable are only 377, which sounds like "a lot of debts".
Perhaps Antonio had the family money to invest it in "good business", naturally with debts in relation to the other family members, who gave money.
There are only few members of the family, who had an own trade. Possibly a lot of the other family members (inclusive some of the not named "bocche") worked in these few businesses.

25-Setaiolo (silk merchant, silk weaver). Members of the guild of Por S. Maria.
29-Calzolaio (shoemaker). Stampatore (artisan who makes holes in leather for manufacturing shoes). Members of the shoemakers' guild.
40-Legnaiolo (carpenter). Torniaio. Tavolacciaio (table maker). Cassettaio (maker of chests of drawers). Cofinaio (maker of caskets). Segatore (man who saws). Masters in the art of carpentry and makers of furniture.

Legnaiolo is the major business in the family (old Dino di Francesco, 75 years)
Setaiolo is the business of one of his sons (our Antonio di Dino)
Shoemaker is the business of another son (Domenico)
Possibly a 3rd son is hidden in the "Bocche" of Dino

mar4 shall mean "widowed"

Births of Canacci

One still has to learn about the data-base ...

http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/t ... 0&SER_2=10

... this gives the birth dates for the Canacci.

Dino (75 in 1427)
Antonio di Dino (we had it already) 1392-3-15
Dino di Antonio 1437-07-20
Bartolomeo di Antonio 1440-02-03
Giovanni di Antonio 1442-xx-xx

I noted all persons "before 1400" and compared them with the results, which I already had as "distant relationship".
I got considerable differences in the age (I don't know., if it is my error or errors of the data base, or if these old persons just had difficulties to know their age; I don't feel tempted to control my numbers, it's exhausting to work with the data base, and errors easily appear).

Paolo di Francesco di Paolo 1361 (1429: 68) .... brother of Dino (75 in 1427 or 1429 ?) (WRONG ???)
Domenico di Dino 1377 (1429: 52) .... son of Dino
Antonio di Stefano di Gherardhino 1379 (1429: 50) (age 56 trade - money 320 taxable 320 mar.4 bocche 5)
Bernardo di Iacopo 1390-08-20 (1429: 39)
Giambino di Piero 1364-08-15 (1429: 65) (age 63 trade - money 384 taxable 358 married bocche 3)
Giovanni di Piero 1366 (1429: 63)
Iacopo di Berto 1374 (1429: 55) (age 65 trade - money 1453 taxable 1264 married bocche 14)
Marco di Martino di Berto 1397-02-15 (1429: 32) - (age 34 trade - money 558 taxable 538 married bocche 8)
Piero di Iacopo 1394-06-29 (1429: 35)

Some names appeared in the other data-base and some not. Above I merged the both sources. Below are the rest ...

Antonio di Bartolo (age 11 trade - money 558 taxable 466 bocche 1)
Domenico di Delvegna (age 30 trade - money 15 taxable - bocche 4)
Filippo di Giovanni (age 38 trade - money 798 taxable 673 bocche 9)
Lisa di Banchino (age 76 trade - money 196 taxable 196 mar4 bocche 1)
Niccolosa di Bertino (age 60 trade - money 452 taxable 350 mar4 bocche 2)
Niccolosa di Giovanni (age 24 trade - money 57 taxable 57 mar7 bocche 1)

Filippo di Giovanni and Niccolosa di Giovanni might be children to Giovanni di Piero

Generally I see, that Dino, father of Antonio, is already 75. If I go down from 1427 to 1352 as the birth year and I calculate the birth of Francesco, the father of Dino, I likely am in the year c. 1330. Francesco's father is called Piero, not Lapo (cause Paolo, Dino's brother, is called Paolo di Francesco di Piero). If I assume, that Lapo is the grand-father of Francesco, he might have been born 1270-1290, which offers the interpretation, that Lapo took the name Canacci as an old man in 1350.


Added: I find elsewhere a "Dino di Francesco di Ciapo Canacci" ... which would mean, that Francesco wasn't the son Paolo, but of Ciapo. Further I find a Michele di Ciapo Canacci.

http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/t ... EY%3D31750

MikeH wrote recently ...
There is more information on the Canacci at this time, in "A Carpenter's Catasto with Information on Masaccio, Giovanni dal Ponte, Antonio diDomenico, and Others", by Charles R. Mack, in []Mitteilungen des Kunsthistorischen Institutes in Florenz[/i], 24. Bd., H. 3 (1980), pp. 366-369. He is writing about the tax declaration made in July 1427 by a certain Zanobi di Michele Canacci, age 23, of a family of carpenters. The interesting items are those pertaining to debts still owed to his late father, Michele, carpenter. One is by Masaccio, 6 lire. Mack speculates that it might be for a panel or a scaffold.

###Ouote Giovanni di Marco, the painter, appears as another debtor to Zanobi's father, owing the master carpenter almost forty-five lire for some unspecified work or material (doc 19) ...###

This is ...
http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/c ... D+50005925
http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/t ... IT+CANACCI

Still in work

Antonio di Dino, not Antonio di Dino Canacci

There's a new information about the person "Antonio di Dino" ... this person ...

http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/c ... D+50008445

... not identical to Antonio di Dino Canacci, who was mostly researched in this thread.

Franco Pratesi got an information of Elisabetta Ulivi, likely author of ...
"La matematica dell'abaco in Italia: scuole, maestri, trattati fra XIII e XVI secolo."

The short note presents the known fact, that this Antonio di Dino is not identical to Antonio di Dino Canacci, but additional to the already earlier known details we find from her the expression "tavolaccino" in context to this second Antonio di Dino.

Franco had independently in his earlier research (silk dealer articles) noted in context of the Antonio di Dino, who made playing cards:
"He was then mentioned as a maker and supplier of abaci, or counting frames (l. 2r – April 1442). Later on, we find him indicated on one occasion as a "tavolacciaio", maker of tables (12793, 25r – 1449)."

The note about "abaci" had led to the person of Antonio di Dino Canacci, but the additional "tavolacciaio" leads to the second Antonio di Dino, who additional has the quality, that he in 1441 was called a "dipintore".

The odds seem now much better for the assumption, that the second Antonio di Dino is the right man for the well documented playing card production (silk dealer articles)...
... , and NOT Antonio di Dino Canacci.


... :--) ... For the research of Giovanni dal Ponte this condition (if the assumption is true) would mean, that he had a "garzone" Antonio di Dino (* 1402), who owed him some money (around 1427-30), and who later started a business as a playing card producer (first noted in 1439) and then also as Trionfi card producer (first involved in a Trionfi card deal 1445 and later since 1452 clearly the producer).


Work of Giovanni dal Ponte


Card of the Rothschild cards, possibly Trionfi cards

A similarity between a Tarocchi card with unknown author and an object created by a known artist might mean, that the artist had been producer of both works.
But it naturally could also mean, that the playing card producer imitated this other artist. "Garzone" and other pupils often imitate their masters. In this case Garzone Antonio di Dino had been later (likely) confirmed playing card producer, and a deck has in fragments (Rothschild cards) survived, possibly produced by Antonio di Dino.

Antonio di Dino produced "expensive decks" in 1441, twice mentioned in the lists of the silk dealers. Both deals speak of "24 soldi", so much higher than later cheap Trionfi deck prices.


If Giovanni dal Ponte himself was already active in the playing card business, then Antonio di Dino would look like a natural follower.

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